New PDF release: Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting

By Miira Tuominen

ISBN-10: 1402050429

ISBN-13: 9781402050428

ISBN-10: 1402050437

ISBN-13: 9781402050435

This ebook deals the 1st synoptic learn of the way the first parts in wisdom buildings have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to past due historic commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues used to be handled from targeted issues of view: as a question of the way we collect easy wisdom; and as a question of the premises we might instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.

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Additional info for Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)

Sample text

Commonly accepted’ is defined (100b22–24) as that which is accepted either by everyone, by the majority, or by the wise – or by all, the majority, or the most reputable of the wise. However, because the degree of plausibility of the premises depends on the conclusion sometimes discredited premises must also be used in dialectical argumentation. If the conclusion is not plausible, it cannot be validly derived from reputable premises. In such cases we must use premises that are equally credible or more credible than the discredited conclusion, not as such reputable opinions (see Top.

Love, is said to be the best of all these. 39 The characterisation is from Ross (1951, 81), who takes generalisation to be the innovation of the method. THEORIES OF ARGUMENTATION 33 Socrates also points out that in order to produce an accurate collection combined with division, one has to distinguish the classes and subclasses according to natural similarities and differences between things. He compares this with the work of a skilful butcher who knows how to cut according to natural joints (265e).

Lwhel) until you come to something sufficient (ri ßjal5l). (Phaedo, 101d3–8; transl. 36 If it does, then the hypothesis should be abandoned. If no such problems follow, the hypothesis can be left to stand. However, this is not the best confirmation the hypothesis can receive. lwhel). The hypotheses that are above possibly mean ones which have to be true if the hypothesis itself is to be true. lwhel) suggests that he assumes that there are ‘up and down’ directions in the context of explanation. What such directions mean, however, is not explained.

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Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind) by Miira Tuominen

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