Download PDF by Pavol Stekauer: An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation

By Pavol Stekauer

ISBN-10: 9027215553

ISBN-13: 9789027215550

Pavol Štekauer provides an unique method of the tricky difficulties of English word-formation. The emphasis is at the means of coining new naming devices (words). this is often defined by means of an onomasiological version, which takes as its element of departure the naming wishes of a speech group, and proceeds via conceptual mirrored image of extra-linguistic truth and semantic research to the shape of a brand new naming unit. therefore, it's the shape which implements techniques given through semantics by way of the so-called Form-to-Meaning task Principle.
Word-formation is conceived of as an autonomous part, interrelated with the lexical part through providing it with new naming devices, and by means of employing the word-formation bases of naming devices saved within the Lexicon. The relation to the Syntactic part is barely mediated throughout the Lexical component.
In addition, the publication provides a brand new method of productiveness. it truly is maintained that word-formation strategies are as effective as syntactic procedures. This notably new technique offers uncomplicated solutions to a couple of conventional difficulties of word-formation.

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Extra info for An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation

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M. Halle (1973) can be characterized as a representative of a morphemebased word-formation theory, which means that a part of his word-formation rules is designed to coin new words by combining "affixes" with "bound stems". Thus, the word-formation rule [STEM + - ant]A generates words such as vac+ant, pregn+ant, etc; the word-formation rule [STEM+ -ity]N yields pauc­ ity, prob-ity, etc. It follows that Halle's word-formation rules may combine affixes both with words and "bound stems". The examples presented above, however, indicate that this aspect of Halle's "morpheme-based" theory of word-formation cannot be accepted by the onomasiological theory without reservations.

The semantic parallelism between naming units and sentences must, naturally, be admitted, however, only in so far as what is named by naming units is described by sentences. The semantic parallelism indicates functional differences rather than similarities between the two components. This standpoint is supported by DiSciullo & Williams' view that words are generic in meaning, which follows from the fact that sentences (but not words) contain references to time (1988: 50) (see also the discussion on modality).

It follows that Halle's word-formation rules may combine affixes both with words and "bound stems". The examples presented above, however, indicate that this aspect of Halle's "morpheme-based" theory of word-formation cannot be accepted by the onomasiological theory without reservations. "Bound stems" such as -, vac-, or prob- in no way comply with the traditional sign-based definition of the morpheme as a bilateral unit with two facets: the form and the meaning. Clearly, the exemplified "bound stems" have a form; however, they do not have any meaning that might take part in constituting the meaning of a new naming unit, provided that the latter is based on a compositional meaning principle.

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An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation by Pavol Stekauer


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