By Pavol Stekauer
Pavol Štekauer provides an unique method of the tricky difficulties of English word-formation. The emphasis is at the means of coining new naming devices (words). this is often defined by means of an onomasiological version, which takes as its element of departure the naming wishes of a speech group, and proceeds via conceptual mirrored image of extra-linguistic truth and semantic research to the shape of a brand new naming unit. therefore, it's the shape which implements techniques given through semantics by way of the so-called Form-to-Meaning task Principle.
Word-formation is conceived of as an autonomous part, interrelated with the lexical part through providing it with new naming devices, and by means of employing the word-formation bases of naming devices saved within the Lexicon. The relation to the Syntactic part is barely mediated throughout the Lexical component.
In addition, the publication provides a brand new method of productiveness. it truly is maintained that word-formation strategies are as effective as syntactic procedures. This notably new technique offers uncomplicated solutions to a couple of conventional difficulties of word-formation.
Read Online or Download An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation PDF
Similar language & grammar books
This authoritative survey deals a concise description of center English, the language of Chaucer, in the course of the interval from 1100 to 1500. center English is mentioned relating to either previous and later levels within the heritage of English and in regard to different languages with which it got here into touch. The e-book covers the critical positive factors of heart English spelling, pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary and in addition introduces center English textual experiences.
The examine of the connection among language and concept, and the way this it appears differs among cultures and social teams, is a swiftly increasing quarter of enquiry. This e-book discusses the connection among language and the psychological supplier of data, according to the result of a fieldwork undertaking performed within the state of Tonga in Polynesia.
In learning discourse, the matter for the linguist is to discover a fruitful point of research. Carlota Smith deals a brand new procedure with this learn of discourse passages, devices of a number of sentences or extra. She introduces the most important proposal of the "Discourse Mode", picking out 5 modes: Narrative, Description, record, details, Argument.
- Language and Gender
- Metaphor in Cognitive Linguistics: Selected Papers from the 5th International Cognitive Linguistics Conference, Amsterdam, 1997
- The Ecolinguistics Reader: Language, Ecology, and Environment
- Handbook of Translation Studies: Volume 4
Extra info for An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation
M. Halle (1973) can be characterized as a representative of a morphemebased word-formation theory, which means that a part of his word-formation rules is designed to coin new words by combining "affixes" with "bound stems". Thus, the word-formation rule [STEM + - ant]A generates words such as vac+ant, pregn+ant, etc; the word-formation rule [STEM+ -ity]N yields pauc ity, prob-ity, etc. It follows that Halle's word-formation rules may combine affixes both with words and "bound stems". The examples presented above, however, indicate that this aspect of Halle's "morpheme-based" theory of word-formation cannot be accepted by the onomasiological theory without reservations.
The semantic parallelism between naming units and sentences must, naturally, be admitted, however, only in so far as what is named by naming units is described by sentences. The semantic parallelism indicates functional differences rather than similarities between the two components. This standpoint is supported by DiSciullo & Williams' view that words are generic in meaning, which follows from the fact that sentences (but not words) contain references to time (1988: 50) (see also the discussion on modality).
It follows that Halle's word-formation rules may combine affixes both with words and "bound stems". The examples presented above, however, indicate that this aspect of Halle's "morpheme-based" theory of word-formation cannot be accepted by the onomasiological theory without reservations. "Bound stems" such as -, vac-, or prob- in no way comply with the traditional sign-based definition of the morpheme as a bilateral unit with two facets: the form and the meaning. Clearly, the exemplified "bound stems" have a form; however, they do not have any meaning that might take part in constituting the meaning of a new naming unit, provided that the latter is based on a compositional meaning principle.
An Onomasiological Theory of English Word-Formation by Pavol Stekauer