By James Weifu Lee (auth.), James W. Lee (eds.)
Designed as a textual content not just for college students and researchers, yet somebody attracted to eco-friendly know-how, complex Biofuels and Bioproducts deals the reader an unlimited review of the state of the art in renewable energies. the common bankruptcy units out to provide an explanation for the basics of a brand new expertise in addition to delivering its context within the higher box. With contributions from approximately a hundred prime researchers around the globe, the textual content serves as an immense and well timed inspect this speedily increasing box. The forty chapters that contain complicated Biofuels and Bioproducts are handily equipped into the subsequent eight sections: · creation and Brazil's biofuel luck · Smokeless biomass pyrolysis for complicated biofuels construction and international biochar carbon sequestration · Cellulosic Biofuels · Photobiological creation of complicated biofuels with artificial biology · Lipids-based biodiesels · Life-cycle strength and economics research · High-value algal items and biomethane · Electrofuels
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W. Lee et al. a substantial portion of the biomass decomposes in a relatively short time to CO2. , by increased tree growth) is of limited utility for carbon sequestration since the resulting biomass soon returns the absorbed CO2. , as elemental carbon. The inertness of elemental carbon results in its very slow decomposition to CO2. Typically, at least several 100 years are necessary for the complete decomposition of biochar to CO2. Through a 14C labeling study, the mean residence time of pyrogenic carbon in soils has now been estimated in the range of millennia .
4, one of the possible productive ways to achieve the smokeless (emission-free, clean, and efﬁcient) feature is by converting the pyrolysis syngas “smoke” into clean energy, such as liquid biofuels. Currently, there are a number of Fischer–Tropsch processing technologies that might be helpful for conversion of biomass-derived syngas into advanced (drop-in-ready) liquid biofuels, such as biodiesel, to replace petroleumbased transportation fuels. However, signiﬁcant R&D efforts are needed to fully develop and demonstrate this approach since the currently existing reﬁnery technologies cannot cost-effectively convert biomass-derived syngas and/or bio-oils into liquid transportation biofuels.
1 and 2) should be considered as an option to mitigate the problem of global greenhouse-gas emissions. The capacity of carbon sequestration by the application of biochar fertilizer in soils could be quite signiﬁcant since the technology could potentially be applied in many land areas, including croplands, grasslands, and also a fraction of forest lands. The maximum capacity of carbon sequestration through biochar soil amendment in croplands alone is estimated to be about 428 GtC for the world. This capacity is estimated according to: (a) the maximal amount of biochar carbon that could be cumulatively placed into soil while still beneﬁcial to soil environment and plant growth; and (b) the arable land area that the technology could potentially be applied through biochar agricultural practice.
Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts by James Weifu Lee (auth.), James W. Lee (eds.)