Michael Lynch's Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia PDF

By Michael Lynch

The Access to History sequence is the most well-liked and relied on sequence for AS- and A-level background scholars. the hot variations mix all of the strengths of this well-loved sequence with a brand new layout and lines that let all scholars entry to the content material and examine abilities had to in attaining examination good fortune. This identify attracts on content material from the bestselling titles Reaction and Revolution: Russia, 1894-1924 and Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, 1918-56. it's been thoroughly revised and up-to-date to compare the 2008 OCR AS specification and is now involved in the interval from 1894 to 1941. It starts off with the location in Russia lower than Tsar Nicholas II after which is going directly to research the factors and results of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions, the Bolshevik fight to achieve energy, and the eventual upward thrust of Stalin. The political, fiscal, and social advancements via this era and the results of those are explored and analyzed all through. through the booklet key dates, phrases, and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written by way of an examiner for the OCR specification give you the chance to boost examination abilities.

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Extra resources for Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941

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Revolution begins with Bloody Sunday: January 1905 Key date Autonomy National selfgovernment. Key term The 1905 Revolution began with what has become known as Bloody Sunday. On 22 January, Father Georgi Gapon, an Orthodox priest, attempted to lead a peaceful march of workers and their families to the Winter Palace in St Petersburg. The marchers’ intention was to present a loyal petition to the tsar, begging him to use his royal authority to relieve their desperate conditions. However, the march induced panic in the police forces in the capital.

Despite Plekhanov’s standing as an interpreter of Marx, a number of the party members soon became impatient with him. They found him too theoretical in his approach, and they wanted a much more active revolutionary programme. They were particularly irritated by his suggestion that Russia was not yet sufficiently advanced politically for a successful proletarian rising to take place in the immediate future, and that, therefore, the way ahead lay in all the revolutionary parties combining to improve the workers’ conditions.

1 | The 1905 Revolution Reasons for the Revolution The situation created by the tsarist government’s policy of political repression was graphically described by Leo Tolstoy in 1902 in an ‘Open address to Nicholas II’: Russia lives under emergency legislation, and that means without any lawful guarantees. The armies of the secret police are continuously growing in numbers. The prisons and penal colonies are overcrowded with thousands of convicts and political prisoners, among whom the industrial workers are now included.

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Access to History. From Autocracy to Communism: Russia 1894-1941 by Michael Lynch

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