By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national learn undertaking on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant growth in abortion study. It develops a accomplished study layout to ascertain even if women's coverage enterprises (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of girls) have functioned as valuable and powerful allies of women's hobbies. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to energy arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist ambitions. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous software of comparative method to evaluate factors from social flow and democratic concept relating adaptations in nation feminism and stream luck.
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Extra info for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics Series)
The Minister was not officially involved in decision-making on the authorization of mifegyne, because the Ministry of Health alone was responsible for the registration procedure. Registration is a highly formalized procedure, based on reports of autonomous medical and juridical experts. In terms of public debate as well as of the defence of the existing law, the MWA played an important role. At the climax of the public debate on abortion policy, the Ministry published a brochure about abortion in Austria, which included new information such as the addresses of abortion clinics.
The new law legalizes abortion on demand within the first trimester of pregnancy. It is up to the woman to decide, after consulting a trained counsellor or medical doctor, whether or not to interrupt a pregnancy. After the first trimester there is only limited access to abortion. Legal abortion is available only where there is a physical or mental risk to the pregnant woman, where the child is expected to suffer from a mental disease, and where the pregnant woman is a minor. * Women's movement impact The impact of the women's movement on the state in this first debate was 'dual response'.
Positions polarized, and it looked as if the gap between advocates and opponents of liberalization would be unbridgeable. It would take the political actors nearly 20 years to reach a political agreement. The 20 years between the emergence of the abortion issue and the amendment of the law, which would only come about in April 1990, were marked by diligent activity in Parliament and an increasingly strong profiling of the pro-legalization front, of which the women's movement was an important part.
Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics Series) by Dorothy McBride Stetson