A practical course in terminology processing - download pdf or read online

By Juan C. Sager

ISBN-10: 9027220778

ISBN-13: 9789027220776

Because the introduction of the pc, terminology administration could be conducted via virtually somebody who has learnt to exploit a working laptop or computer. Terminology administration has proved to be an effective instrument in foreign communications in undefined, schooling and foreign agencies. software program applications are available and overseas organisations frequently have their very own terminology database. Following those advancements, translators and terminologists are faced with a specialized kind of info administration regarding compilation and standardisation of vocabulary, garage, retrieval and updating.A sensible direction in Terminology Processing offers the major to equipment of terminology administration for the English language, for basic and particular reasons. This specified path has been constructed at the foundation of years of educating event and examine on the collage of Manchester Institute of technology and know-how (UMIST, united kingdom) and is especially appropriate for translation classes, freelance translators, technical writers, in addition to for non-linguists who're faced with terminology processing as a part of their occupation.

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Example text

Although such items may be indistinguishable in their substantive realisation, so that 'noise' the term and 'noise' the word look and sound the same, it might turn out to be convenient to classify them as distinct forms. , but in special language the 'lion' is, for example, either heraldic or a genus of the species felis, but not both. g. 'entropy' may function as a different term in different languages. , but in special language the emphasis is already present through prior delineation of the subspace, which effectively excludes all attributes (dimensions) which are not assigned by the social norm to the discipline.

G. biology and geology. The generic relationship can be expressed by the formulas: or or or X is a type of A. X, Y and Z are types of A. A has the specific concepts X, Y and Z. A has the subtype X. Example: Newsletter, Journal and Magazine are types of periodic publications. e. all objects which in our example can be called 'periodic publications'—include the subordinate concepts, in our example 'newsletter', 'journal' and 'magazine'. The relationship between the super­ ordinate concept and the subordinate concepts is not reversible.

A theory of concepts for terminology in essence only has to provide an adequate explanation for cog­ nitive motivations in term formation and to provide the basis for structuring vocabularies in a more effective way than is offered by alphabetical ordering. The theoretical basis outlined in this section is therefore highly selective and claims validity only to the extent that it satisfactorily explains phenomena and patterns of terms as seen from the focus of terminological practice. A theory of terminology is usually considered as having three basic tasks: it has to account for sets of concepts as discrete entities of the knowledge structure; it has to account for sets of interrelated linguistic entities which are somehow associated with concepts grouped and structured according to cognitive principles; it has, lastly, to establish a link between concepts and terms, which is traditionally done by definitions.

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A practical course in terminology processing by Juan C. Sager

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